Rain Gardens on the BC Sunshine Coast

 Home  |  Rain Gardens  |  Native Plants  |  Rainwater Harvesting  |  Resources

Rain Gardens – Native Plant List – Part 2

This native plant species page covers sample Groundcovers and Ferns of coastal south-western British Columbia. All of the Ferns and most of the Groundcovers listed require partial sunlight or shade. Only the colourful Western Columbine (Aquilegia formosa) can be exposed to direct sunlight.

Native Plants – Coastal BC Groundcovers and Ferns

Groundcovers – Perennials and Semi-Evergreens

Duck's Foot (Vancouveria hexandra): Zones 2 & 3
V. hexandra: Partial sun/shade; blooms in the Spring
- Dainty white flowers; slug & snail-resistant foliage
- 20-30 cm (8-12") high, 30-90 cm (12-36") wide
- Partially evergreen; foliage can persist over Winter
 Aka 'Inside-Out Flower' (for distinct flower shape)

Kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi): Zones 2 & 3
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi: Partial sun/shade
- Blooms in April-May; easy-care and low-growing
- 10-15 cm (4-6") high, 90 cm (36") wide; spreading
- Pink buds;  small white flowers;  bright red berries
 A mat-forming perennial shrub; aka 'the Bearberry'

Western Columbine (A. formosa): Zones 2 and 3
Aquilegia formosa: Sun/partial sun; blooms in Spring
- 30-90 cm (12-36") high, 30-90 cm (12-36") wide
- Beautiful red-and-yellow flowers; plant will re-seed
- Perennial groundcover, tolerant of seasonal flooding
 A. formosa will attract hummingbirds and butterflies

Wild Ginger (Asarum caudatum): Zones 2 and 3
A. caudatum: Partial sun/shade; blooms April-to-June
- 10-15 cm (4-6") high, 90 cm (36") wide; spreading
- Large heart-shaped leaves; small reddish flowers
- Perennial; the leaves smell like ginger when crushed
  Blooms range from dark purple to reddish-brown

Native Coastal BC Ferns

Lady Fern (Athyrium filix-femina): Zones 1, 2 & 3
Athyrium filix-femina: Partial sun/shade, spreading
- Can handle full sun when wet but prefer the shade
- 0.9-1.5 m (36-60") high, 45-60 cm (18-24") wide
- A. filix-femina have broad, finely-textured fronds
 A deciduous fern; quite tolerant of shallow flooding

Deer Fern (Blechnum spicant): Zones 1, 2 and 3
B. spicant: Partial sun/shade (avoid direct sunlight)
- Blooms April-to-May; fertile fronds stand upright
- 30-90 cm (12-36") high, 60 cm (24") wide
- Long, narrow, glossy fronds with crinkled edges
 Deer Ferns are quite tolerant of shallow flooding

Deer Ferns are deer-resistant. They have both sterile and fertile fronds. Cut back dead fronds in late winter or early spring before new growth emerges.

Western Sword Fern (P. munitum): Zone 2 and 3
Polystichum munitum: Partial sun, but prefers shade
- 0.9-1.2 m (36-48") high, 0.90-1.5 m (36-60") wide
- A large, stately native fern; grows well in shady areas
- Avoid direct exposure to uninterrupted sunlight
 Note: Non-native 'Sword Ferns' often sold in stores

Sechelt Rain Gardens – A Native Plant List for Coastal BC – Part 3

 Home  |  Rain Gardens  |  Native Plants  |  Rainwater Harvesting  |  Resources